July 10-30, 2004
Marketing, Onsite Coordination
- The name “Romania” comes from the Latin word “Romanus” which means “Roman Empire Citizen.”
- Romanian is the only Romance language in Eastern Europe.
- Romania inspired two famous novels, “The Castle in the Carpathians” by Jules Verne, and “Dracula” by Bram Stoker.
- Romania is also is Europe’s richest country in gold resources.
- Romania is the ninth largest wine producer in the world.
- The Romanian Palace of Parliament in Bucharest (built during Ceausescu’s reign) is the second largest building in the world, next only to the Pentagon in the United States.
- Bucharest’s mass transit network is the fourth largest in Europe.
- Peles Castle was the first European castle entirely lit by electrical current (produced by the castle’s own plant). Castle’s heating system is still functional and in use today!
- In 1889, the city of Timisoara became the first in Europe to have electric street lighting.
- Timisoara was also the first European city to introduce horse-drawn trams, also in 1869.
- The Black Church in Brasov, has the largest organ in Europe, with 4000 tubes. It also has the largest bell in Romania, weighing 41,000 lbs (6.3 tons).
- Petrache Poenaru invented the fountain pen patented in 1827.
- Nicolae Paulescu discovered insulin (although two Canadian scientists were awarded the Nobel Prize in 1923 for their study of insulin, Paulescu’s pioneering work in the field of diabetic medicine was duly credited).
- Emil Racovita founded biospeleology (the study of organisms living in caves);
- Romanian inventor, Traian Vuia, was the first European to build and fly a fully self-propelled, fixed-wing ‘automobile airplane in March 18, 1906.
- The modern jet engine was invented by the Bucharest-born inventor Henri Coanda in 1910.
- Anastase Dragomir was the inventor of parachuted chair, an early version of today’s ejection seat.
- Aurel Persu was the first engineer and car designer to build a car with the wheels inside its aerodynamic line.
- Eugen Pavel was the inventor of Hyper CD-ROM.
- The Danube to Black Sea canal in southeast Romania, is world’s third longest man-made navigation route, after the Suez and the Panama Canals.
- The Carpathian Mountains are home to one of the largest virgin forests in Europe. 400 unique species of mammals, including the Carpathian chamois, call the Carpathian Mountains home.
- Largest brown bear population of Europe: 60% of European brown bear population lives in the Carpathian Mountains.
- The Danube River flows 1,788 miles from its springs in Germany’s Black Forest to the Black Sea. Just before reaching the sea it forms the second largest and best preserved of Europe’s deltas: 2,200 square miles of rivers, canals, marshes, tree-fringed lakes and reed islands – 23 natural ecosystems.
ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT, MUSIC:
- Romania has the only happy cemetery in Europe, at Sapanta, Maramures, Each gravestone is painted in bright colors and features a funny epitaph in verse.
- The actor who first played the role of Tarzan was Romanian born Johnny Weissmuller, who starred in Tarzan the Ape Man in 1932.
- The first ever first perfect 10 in the Olympic Games was given to Nadia Comaneci, Romanian gymnast, for her impeccable performance of 1976 in Montreal, Canada.
- The Voronet Monastery in Moldavia is dubbed as the Romanian counterpart of the Sistine Chapel.
- Sibiu’s Astra Museum hosts the second-largest outdoor museum in the world featuring more than 300 buildings, mills, farm tools, etc.
- Stoker’s Count Dracula was inspired by the real Romanian Voievod (prince) Vlad Tepes, aka Vlad the Impaler, and by his fondness of impaling enemies.
- Constanta (Tomis) has been associated with the legend of Jason and the Argonauts, who embarked on a long voyage from Greece to Kolchis, Georgia on the Black Sea coast in search of the Golden Fleece.